History of Torrevieja and places of interest
Torrevieja is a seaside city and municipality located on the Costa Blanca in the province of Alicante, on the southeastern Mediterranean coast of Spain. Torrevieja lies about 50 kilometres south of the city of Alicante and had a population of 105,000 (2012). Torrevieja was originally a salt-mining and fishing village as it is located between the sea and two large salt lakes (Las Salinas), which give Torrevieja healthy microclimate. Until 1802, Torrevieja existed only as an ancient guard tower, which gave the town its name (Torre Vieja (Spanish) means Old Tower) and some labourers' cottages. But in 1803, Charles IV authorised the movement of the salt production offices from La Mata to the town itself and allowed the construction of dwellings there. In 1829, the town was totally destroyed by an earthquake, but the basins were soon reconstructed and re-opened. In 1931, Alfonso XIII gave Torrevieja city status by special grant. During this period, there was also a growing market for flax, hemp and cotton.
In the 19th century, the salt was mainly shipped from the town by Swedish and Dutch ships. At the time, there was only limited demand from other regions of Spain, mainly Galiza and to a lesser extent, Valencia. Although by the dawn of the 20th century, a quarter of all the salt harvested from the lagoon in Torrevieja was sold in Spain itself, and the rest was exported to foreign markets. Today, it is still an important industry in Torrevieja and a major employer. You can visit the Museum of Sea and Salt.
Torrevieja has a protected Natural Park with two salt lakes, and 20 km of coastline containing six large beaches - La Mata, Cabo Cervera, Los Locos, El Cura, Los Náufragos and Ferris - and about 20 coves with an abundance of cliffs.
Palacio de la Música
1. Auditorio Conservatorio Internacional de Música (The largest and most important performing arts centre in the area, the modern facility hosts a full calendar of music, dance, and theatre)
2. Teatro Municipal (Completed in 2006, the building showcases musical, dance, and theatrical performances)
3. Palacio de la Música (Designed by architects Alberto Velázquez and José Domínguez Rozas and built in 1999, the modern building houses the municipal conservatory and is a venue for musical recitals as well as other performing arts.)
Places of interest
• Iglesia Arciprestal de la Inmaculada Concepción (The Archpriest's Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception) - Erected in 1789 and reconstructed in 1844, using stones reclaimed from the original Torre Vella, (Old Tower).
• Panoramic viewpoint La Torre del Moro, old watchtower.
• Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Rosario (La Mata), constructed in 1896.
• Parque de las Naciones or The Park of the Nations - Scale reproduction of the map of the European Continent
• Museo del Mar y de la Sal (Museum of the Sea and Salt)
• Las Salinas - The two salt lagoons to the west of the city, Nature Park of the Lagoons of La Mata and Torrevieja.
• The Street Market on Fridays - As of May 2017, market has moved to a new location outside of the city centre, near Aquapolis
• Centro Comercial de Habaneras - A semi-outdoor shopping mall.
• Paraje Natural Municipal - Parque del Molino de Agua - Local natural park - Waterwheel park in La Mata
• Park of the Molino (The Windmill Park)
• Natural swimming pools at the Juan Aparicio promenade
• Aquapolis, Water Park